What is Ebola virus disease?

Ebola virus disease is a rare but serious disease caused by infection with the Ebola virus. It was first identified in 1976 near the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire).

Since March of 2014, there have been outbreaks of Ebola virus disease in the West African countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. Nigeria and Senegal also reported a small number of cases, but the virus has been contained in these countries. On average, Ebola virus disease leads to death in about half of the people who are infected.


What is the common cold and the flu?

The common cold and the flu are viral infections of the respiratory tract, which includes the throat, nose, airways and lungs.

How can I tell if I have a cold or the flu?

Although the common cold and the flu share many similar symptoms, they are 2 different conditions.


Food Poisoning occurs when a person ingests something that contains harmful bacteria, viruses or parasites. Sometimes bacteria produce a toxin that cause symptoms of the food borne illness. In our country there have been many reports over the years of different food borne illnesses; the most recent being the 2011 outbreak of Listeria in 23 states.


Guidance for Families Caring for a Child or Adult with Flu or Flu-Like Illness at Home

How Flu Spreads:
The main way Flu viruses spread is from person to person in respiratory droplets of coughs and sneezes. The droplets from the infected person travel through the air and deposit on the mouth or nose of people nearby. The flu virus may also spread when a person touches respiratory droplets deposited on another person or object and then the person touches their own mouth, nose or eyes.